1.5. Dschingis Khan and the Mongolians

The foraying of Dschinghis Khan in 1221 reordered the power structures.
35 years after the first foray of Dschinghis Khan into the region, the Ghaznadian Dynasty collapsed. Various people tried to fill the resulting vacuum of power, among them the Rum-Seldchuks.

People connected to the territory and finally freed from slavery, or in the hope of saving a part of the empire, formed small emirates.

This was probably the first time that the Roma fell through the net of history. They had no territory to claim in the region. There place of origin in the Pakistan of today had become Islamic in the meantime, and from the east the marauding hordes of the Mongolians drew closer. They had no choice other than to join either the Rum-Seldchuks or the Mameluks for their own safety.

The Empire of Dschinghis Khan reached from Arabia in the west to the territory of the Rum-Seldchuks and India in the south, in the north huge parts of what later became the Soviet Union including Moscow were part of the mighty Empire of the mounted warriors of the Mongolians.

The centuries-long presence and the fearsomeness of the “Golden Hordes” had their effect on the angst-ridden Roma. Especially since they directly witnessed the colliding of the two fronts in 1221, and maybe even had to participate as slave troops when Dschalal al-di, son of the Chwaresm-Shahs, build the only front against the Mongolian empire, which held its position if only for one battle. This battle took place in Parwan between Ghanza and Bamian, after the troops had been gathered there. It can be assumed that the Roma were part of this army that fought off the Mongolians. This would also explain while they remained so strictly in the empire of the “Rum-Seldchuks” and later in the Ottoman Empire.
The Mongolians ruled India with the Mogul Emperors up until 1858, so there was no way back into the homeland.
More than six million people fell victim to the pillages and devastations of the Mongolian hordes.