1.5. Dschingis Khan and the Mongolians
The foraying of Dschinghis Khan in 1221 reordered the power structures.
The Empire of Dschinghis Khan reached from Arabia in the west to the territory of the Rum-Seldchuks and India in the south, in the north huge parts of what later became the Soviet Union including Moscow were part of the mighty Empire of the mounted warriors of the Mongolians.
The centuries-long presence and the fearsomeness of the “Golden Hordes” had their effect on the angst-ridden Roma. Especially since they directly witnessed the colliding of the two fronts in 1221, and maybe even had to participate as slave troops when Dschalal al-di, son of the Chwaresm-Shahs, build the only front against the Mongolian empire, which held its position if only for one battle. This battle took place in Parwan between Ghanza and Bamian, after the troops had been gathered there. It can be assumed that the Roma were part of this army that fought off the Mongolians. This would also explain while they remained so strictly in the empire of the “Rum-Seldchuks” and later in the Ottoman Empire.