1.12. Summary of the Thesis on the Early History of the Roma

If we don’t defeat our prejudices, our prejudices will defeat us.


Right at the beginning we have to state that the Roma were not the only homogenous group that was carried off by Mahmoud of Ghazna. Procrastinations took place regularly over 17 years with up to 50,000 persons carried off at a time.

We also have to assume that the slave armies only survived highly decimated and were scattered across the respective territories they belonged to.

Some Roma groups remained in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and India. Others had the opportunity to flee from collapsing empires and join others or be held as slaves.

The empires in which the Roma found a place after the Ghaznadians were several:

1. the Mameluks

2. the Rum-Seldchuks

3. the slave dynasties

4. Czresam

The biggest group found refuge and assimilation in the realm of the Rum-Seldchuks, which later was integrated into the Ottoman Empire, like the empires of the Mameluks and the Czresam.

The historiography of the region sadly enough did not find room for the role of the Roma. This does not come as a big surprise, since history has always been written by the victors, and the Roma never were the victors, only a tool of the victors at the most. Another problem is the fact that many archives holding historical documents and artefacts that may refer to the Roma probably were destroyed during the many conflicts in the region. This may be compared to the loss of historical documents and artefacts during the anarchy in Iraq after the war in 2003.